Pseudomonas ppt

Difference Between Pathogenic and Nonpathogenic Bacteria

Pseudomonas 1. Pseudomonas Lab 8 Prepared by Samira Fattah Assis. Lec. College of health sciences-HMU 2. • Medically important Pseudomonas: P. aeruginosa. • present in small numbers in the normal intestine flora and on the skin. • Commonly present in moist environments in hospitals. • It is primarily a nosocomial pathogen. 3 Pseudomonas is a type of bacteria that can cause infections. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website Pseudomonas aeruginosa an important opportunistic pathogen• Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen, meaning that it exploits some break in the host defences to initiate an infection. In fact, Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the epitome of an opportunistic pathogen of humans

  1. Antibiogram, Biochemical Reactions, and Genotypic Pattern of Biofield Treated Pseudomonas aeruginosa - The study evaluates the impact of Mr. Trivedi's biofield energy treatment on Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) to evaluate its phenotypic and genotypic characteristics. | PowerPoint PPT presentation | free to vie
  2. Title: 17 Author: jpy Last modified by: jpy Created Date: 3/26/2001 12:43:51 PM Document presentation format: | PowerPoint PPT presentation | free to download. Pseudomonas - Pseudomonas Gram negative bacteria Rod-shaped, polar flagella (hence, motile) Inhabit the soil and water Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the most prevalent opportunistic.
  3. PSEUDOMONAS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation. This has been designated as a pay-to-view presentation by the person who uploaded it. And this concludes its free preview. You can view it all now for just $ ( More info... ) I've already paid for this presentation and would like to view it now. presentation by the person who uploaded it
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  5. Pseudomonas Pseudomonas spp., dibagi menjadi 2 kelompok : Kelompok Fluorescens : -Pseudomonas aeruginosa - A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 432b5f-NTA2
  6. Download Free PPT. Download Free PDF. Pseudomonas. Kacem Mourad. Download PDF. Download Full PDF Package. This paper. A short summary of this paper. 37 Full PDFs related to this paper. Read Paper. 1 Interaction entre les isolats de Pseudomonas: Méthode indirecte des puits (Kacem, 2005): Le surnageant: 10 µl de culture bactérienne de.
  7. Isolation and identification of Enterobacteriaceae and Pseudomonas. Lecture 2. Diagnostic Microbiology Laboratory -2015-Enterobacteriaceae . Enterobacteriaceae is a large diverse family of bacteria commonly referred to as the fermentative, gram negative, enteric bacilli, indicating that they are gram-negative rods which can ferment sugars

Pseudomona aeruginosa. 2. Con el reciente análisis de secuencias delRNAr 16S se han definido la taxonomía demuchas especies bacterianas y comoresultado, el género Pseudomonas incluyenalgunas cepas clasificadas anteriormentedentro de las Chryseomonas y Flavimonas. Otras cepas clasificadas previamente en elgénero Pseudomonas, ahora son. Pseudomonas fluorescens Pseudomonas fluorescens is a common Gram- negative, rod-shaped bacterium. It belongs to the Pseudomonas genus. P. fluorescens has multiple flagella. It has an extremely versatile metabolism, and can be found in the soil and in water. It is an obligate aerobe, but certain strains are capable of using nitrate instead of. Pseudomonas aeruginosa oxidizes but does not ferment glucose. Alcaligenes faecalis neither ferments nor oxidizes glucose (see Lab Manual). REVIEW Clinically Important Nonfermentative Gram-Negative Bacilli Later Lab only REVIEW Review of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Family Pseudomonadaceae) Motile (by single or multiple polar flagella) gram-negative.

Pseudomonas aeruginosa - PPT. Presentation Summary : Environmental Microbiology Research Group study. Pilot study regarding Salad Vegetables and Pseudomonas aeruginosa indicated potential of project Pseudomonas 1. GÉNEROACINETOBACTER Docente: Dra. Estela Tango 2. BACILOS GRAM NEGATIVOS NO FERMENTADORES Presentesen naturaleza, comensales de hombre y animales (oportunistas). Presente en ambientes hospitalarios. Lasinfecciones causadas por este grupo de MO son por lo general oportunistas en pacientes hospitalizados con solución de continuidad en piel o mucosas o inmunocomprometido Pseudomonas infections are caused by a free-living bacterium from the genus Pseudomonas.They favor moist areas and are widely found in soil and water. Only a few of the many species cause disease Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen that may cause severe invasive diseases in critically ill patients. The frequency of infections caused by them is increasing and multidrug-resistant (MDR) strains, resis- tant to almost all available antimicrobials, are emergin Pseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi is the causal agent of olive (Olea europaea) knot disease and an unorthodox member of the P. syringae complex, causing aerial tumours instead of the foliar necroses and cankers characteristic of most members of this complex. Olive knot is present wherever olive is grown; althoug

negative coverage, including pseudomonas, crosses blood-brain barrier, good for nosocomial infections. * Classes you should become familiar with. References . Southwick FS, Infectious Diseases in 30 Days. New York: McGraw Hill, 2003. The Sanford Guide to Antimicrobial Therapy . www.hopkins-abxguide.org The application of biofertilizer is cheaper than the inorganic. The biofertilizer do not cause damage to the soil health and natural environment. Thus the present study focused on the mass production of bio-fertilizer from Pseudomonas fluorescens for its large scale application. DF media was used for the mass production of bio-fertilizer

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  1. al electron acceptor, although nitrate can be used as an alternate electron acceptor
  2. Pseudomonas MICROBIOLOGY MODULE Microbiology Notes 28 PSEUDOMONAS 28.1 INTRODUCTION Pseudomonas is a bacteria mostly saprophytic in nature, is found in soil, water and other moist environment. It has emerged as an important cause of Health Care Associated and Opportunistic Infections. Most of the clinical isolates o
  3. Pseudomonas . dari enterik atau batang gram negatif lain (Brooks . et al., 2013). 3. Biakan Spesimen ditanam pada lempeng agar darah dan media deferensial yang biasanya digunakan untuk membiakkan bakteri batang gram-negatif enterik. Pseudomonas tumbuh cepat pada sebagian besar media tersebut, tetapi mungkin tumbuh lebih lambat dibanding enterik

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is inherently resistant to many antimicrobial agents. In 1959 Finland et al. reviewed bacteraemias since the introduction of the antimicrobial era at a single American hospital, and noted a significant rise in pseudomonal bacteraemias and deaths. Rogers (1959), comparing serious infections between 1938-40 and 1957-58. Common psychrotrophic bacteria in milk are species of Micrococci, Bacilli, Staphyloccoci, Lactobacilli, Pseudomonas, and coliforms . Pseudomonas species are the most common and typically have the most impact on quality. At temperatures of 2 - 4C, bacterial growth in milk is mainly due to strains of Pseudomonas flourescens Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a Gram negative bacteria, opportunistic and ubiquitous, often associated with severe infections in immunocompromised patients. Due to the increased resistance of the bacteria to multiple antibiotics, there are the concerns and the search for new therapeutic alternatives, with the bioactive substances of natural origin.

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  1. Introduction. One of the most important challenges for physicians is the adequate treatment of infections due to Gram-negative pathogens because of the increasing antimicrobial resistance in the healthcare setting [].Among infections caused by Gram-negative rods, Pseudomonas aeruginosa has a leading role [], especially in critically ill and immunocompromised patients
  2. Pseudomonas sp. strain S3 found in this study was able to control the stress induced by salinity which is in line with previous reports that demonstrated the potentiality of PGPR belonging to.
  3. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a Gram negative, non-sporing motile rod. P. aeruginosaproduces large, flat, spreading colonies which are often haemolytic and usually pigment-producing. The pigments diffuse into the medium giving it a dark greenish-bluecolour. P. aeruginosaproduces pale colouredcolonies on MacConkey agar
  4. View pseudomonas.ppt from BIOLOGY 1 at Lovely Professional University. PSEUDOMONAS Introductio n Large group of aerobic non sporing gram negative motile by polar flagella ubiquitous oppurtunisti
  5. PSEUDOMONAS Introduction Large group of aerobic non sporing gram negative motile by polar flagella ubiquitous oppurtunistic infections newer genera-Burkholderia Stenotrophomonas Species Pseuomonas aeruginosa Stenotrophomonas maltophila Burkholderia cepacia Burkholderia mallei Burkholderia pseudomallei Pseudomonas aeruginosa Morphology slender,Gram negative bacillus size-1.5 microns-3*1.

Pseudomonas mallei Burkholderia mallei DISEASE: Glander: Ulcerating, tubercle-like nodules forms in the lungs, superficial lymph nodes and mucus membrane. This organism could be differentiated from other Psudomonas species by carbohydrate oxidation test. Acinetobacter Pathogenic species Acinetobacter calcoaceticus DISEASE: It is an. View Microbiology-pseudomonas ppt.ppt from MCB 2004 at University of Central Florida. PSEUDOMO NAS Dr. vikas saini Senior Resident Department of Microbiology UCMS & GT View 12. Pseudomonas.ppt from BIOL 4380 at Sam Houston State University. PSEUDOMONAS, HAEMOPHILUS BORDETELLA Chapter 34, 35,36 PSEUDOMONAS Oxidative gram-negative bacilli, produce acid from glucos

Pseudomonas aeruginosa Univesidad Durango Santander Mauricio Antonio jimenez olivas Microbiologia 04/10/2016 Morfología y estructura • Pseudomonas aeruginosa es un bacilo aerobio, móvil, gramnegativo que es más delgado y más pálido a la tinción que otras enterobacterias Describir Los Mecanismos De Pseudomonas Aeuroginosa multirresistente a través del método de difusión de Kirby Bauer Lic. Benjamín Castillo Gómez INTRODUCCION Pseudomonas

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PSEUDOMONAS AERUGINOSA Actualizado julio 2004 Escribe: Mg. Lic. Stella Maimone RECI EL ORGANISMO La Pseudomonas es un bacilo gram negativo móvil, que pertenece a la familia Pseudomonadaceae. Es relativamente ubicua y comúnmente se la encuentra en el polvo, el agua, las plantas y verduras, medio ambiente marino y animales Pseudomonas. and Nonfermenters General Overview Opportunistic Pathogens of Plants, Animals, and Humans Many Taxonomic Changes in Last Decade Clinically Important Aerobic Gram-Negative Bacilli Include: Aerobic nonfermenters: 10-15% of clinical isolates Pseudomonas aeruginosa; Burkholderia cepacia; Stenotrophomonas maltophilia; Acinetobacter baumannii; Moraxella catarrhalis: Account for >75% of. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen that infects humans with compromised natural defences. Predisposing conditions include a disrupted epithelial barrier (as found in a patient.

Pseudomonas aeruginosa Diagnosi Campione biologico: prelevato nel distretto interessato Esame colturale: Agar sangue, Agar McConkey Aerobiosi 24-48 h 37 °C Esame microscopico Identificazione P. aeruginosa strains produce two types of soluble pigments, the fluorescent pigment pyoverdin and the blue pigment pyocyanin Pseudomonas aeruginosa is member of the Gamma Proteobacteria class of Bacteria. It is a Gram-negative, aerobic rod belonging to the bacterial family Pseudomonadaceae. Since the revisionist taxonomy based on conserved macromolecules (e.g. 16S ribosomal RNA) the family includes only members of the genus Pseudomonas which are cleaved into eight. Scientific Name Several soil-borne species of Pseudomonas cause tomato pith necrosis: Pseudomonas corrugata, Pseudomonas cichorri, Pseudomonas viridiflava, Pseudomonas mediterranea and Pseudomonas marginalis. Pectobacteriumcarotovorum can also cause tomato pith necrosis. Host Crops Tomato (open field, high tunnels, greenhouse Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the most common disease-causing form of this bacteria, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic bacteria that lives in soil, water, and even in environments like hot tubs. For most healthy people, this bacteria seldom poses a problem. Occasionally people will develop conditions like hot tub rash, and swimmer's ear, which may be due to contact with these germs

The metabolic capability of Pseudomonas putida to degrade naphthalene is exhibited in the data represented in Figure 3. The study used burnt soil, which contains a high concentration of PAHs, to study Pseudomonas putida bioremediation capability. After two months of bioremediation treatment with Pseudomonas putida strains, the concentration of naphthalene decreased by 63.6%. 19 Pseudomonas. Cetrimide Agar is a selective and differential medium used for the isolation and identification of Pseudomonas aeruginosa from clinical and non-clinical specimens.. Cetrimide is the selective agent and inhibits most bacteria by acting as a detergent ( Cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, a quaternary ammonium, cationic detergent). It is also known as Pseudomonas Cetrimide Agar or Pseudosel Agar 3.1 Pseudomonas La familia Pseudomonadacae incluye a diferentes géneros de bacterias dentro de los cuales destacan Pseudomonas, Burkholderia, Commamonas y Ralstonia. Se caracterizan por ser bacilos rectos, Gram negativos, aerobios y quimioorganótrofos con flagelos polares

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Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection is a serious problem in patients hospitalized with cancer, cystic fibrosis, and burns; the case fatality is 50 percent. Other infections caused by Pseudomonas species include endocarditis, pneumonia, and infections of the urinary tract, central nervous system, wounds, eyes, ears, skin, and musculoskeletal system ⇒ Oxygen requirements - Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) is an obligate aerobic bacterium i.e. grows only in the presence of oxygen. ⇒ There are various culture media used for the cultivation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) in the laboratory and most commonly the Nutrient Agar medium and MacConkey Agar medium is used, the other media are as follows General Information. Pseudomonas [sodo−moh−nas] is a Gram-negative bacterium (bacillus) that can cause different types of healthcare-associated infections.The most common species, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, is commonly found in soil and ground water.It rarely affects healthy people and most community acquired infections are associated with prolonged contact with contaminated water Pseudomonas aeruginosa Gloria Soberón. Instituto de Biotecnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Introducción. Pseudomonas aeruginosa es una bacteria gram-negativa perteneciente a la rama γ de las proteobacterias, misma a la que pertenecen las enterobacterias (54, 84). Dentro del género Pseudomonas se encuentran también algunas otras especies como P. fluorescens, P. putida.

Pseudomonas Aeruginosa PowerPoint PPT Presentation

P. aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogenic bacterium responsible for both acute and chronic infections. Beyond its natural resistance to many drugs, its ability to form biofilm, a complex biological system, renders ineffective the clearance by immune defense systems and antibiotherapy. The objective of this report is to provide an overview (i) on <i>P. aeruginosa</i> biofilm lifestyle cycle. INTRODUCTION. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a key gram-negative aerobic bacilli in the differential diagnosis of a number of infections. This organism is important because it is often antibiotic resistant and can cause severe hospital-acquired infections associated with a high mortality rate, especially in immunocompromised hosts A retrospective study was done to determine the epidemiology of infection and/or colonization due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa in a Brazilian general hospital. In 1966, 1968, and 1969, there were only two instances where probable cross-contamination was shown; the remaining isolates were unrelated. In late 1971 the hospital experienced a marked. जानें स्यूडोमोनस संक्रमण के लक्षण, कारण, उपचार, इलाज, परीक्षण और परहेज के तरीकों के बारे में | jane Pseudomonas Infections Ke Karan, Lakshan, ilaj, Dawa Aur Upchar Hindi M

Pseudomonas Fluorescens Biocontrol Agents bacteria have a strong oxiding power that helps them break down environmental pollutants and provide useful enzymes and oxygen for plant growth.This bacterium enters the plant system and act as a systemic bio control agent against diseases. Pseudomonas florescence biocide for control of black rot and blister blight diseases Pseudomonas aeruginosa is responsible for a variety of nosocomial infections associated with high morbidity and mortality, involving the immunocompromised and immunocompetent host. There are several groups of antipseudomonal antibiotics available today: antipseudomonal penicillins (carboxy and ureid

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Pseudomonas aeruginosa FP6, previously isolated from rhizospheric soil samples was screened for its siderophore production on a chrome-azurol S agar plate. Change in the colour of the chrome-azurol S agar from blue to orange red confirmed the siderophore producing ability of P. aeruginosa FP6 Home - Pseudomonas fluorescens Pf0-1. Pseudomonas fluorescens encompasses a group of common, nonpathogenic saprophytes that colonize soil, water and plant surface environments. As its name implies, it produces a soluble, greenish fluorescent pigment, particularly under conditions of low iron availability Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a common encapsulated, Gram-negative, strict aerobic (although can grow anaerobically in the presence of nitrate), rod-shaped bacterium that can cause disease in plants and animals, including humans. A species of considerable medical importance, P. aeruginosa is a multidrug resistant pathogen recognized for its ubiquity, its intrinsically advanced antibiotic. While the misuse of antibiotics has clearly contributed to the emergence and proliferation of resistant bacterial pathogens, with major health consequences, it remains less clear if the widespread use of disinfectants, such as benzalkonium chlorides (BAC), a different class of biocides than antibiot Pseudomonas-Bakterien, einschließlich Pseudomonas aeruginosa, kommen weltweit im Boden und im Wasser vor. Diese Bakterien bevorzugen feuchte Gebiete, wie Spülbecken, Toiletten, unzureichend gechlorte Schwimmbecken und heiße Rohre sowie veraltete und inaktivierte Desinfektionslösungen

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Degradative plasmids belonging to three incompatibility (Inc) groups in Pseudomonas (IncP-1, P-7, and P-9) have been well studied in terms of their replication, maintenance, and capacity for conjugative transfer. The host ranges of these plasmids are determined by replication or conjugative transfer systems Pseudomonas aeruginosa has become an important cause of gram-negative infection, especially in patients with compromised host defense mechanisms. It is the most common pathogen isolated from patients who have been hospitalized longer than 1 week, and it is a frequent cause of nosocomial infections Pseudomonas aeruginosa is famously metabolically versatile and has been isolated from numerous nutrient-poor settings, including surfaces in medical facilities. A familiar anecdote among Pseudomonas scientists is that for any real or imagined hydrocarbon, there is a species of Pseudomonas that can catabolize it given oxygen or nitrite and. Background and purpose: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the third most common pathogen causing nosocomial infections. The objective of this study was to investigate the antimicrobial resistance profiles and genetic diversity of hospital isolates of P. aeruginosa and to investigate the presence of several resistance genes and integrons Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a ubiquitous environmental bacterium and an important opportunistic human pathogen. Generally, the acquisition of genes in the form of pathogenicity islands distinguishes pathogenic isolates from nonpathogens. We therefore sequenced a highly virulent strain of P. aeruginosa, PA14, and compared it with a previously sequenced (and less pathogenic) strain, PAO1, to.

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تنمو Pseudomonas التي تنمو في شكل مستعمرات دقيقه ثم تظهر في شكل الطبقه اللزجة المميزة للدواجن الفاسدة. نستخدم مركب Tetrazolium للكشف عن هذا النوع من الفساد. طريقة الحفظ : تعبئة الدواجن في جو من التفريغ. Rozvoz jídla a rezervaci místa zajistíte na +420 773 453 634. Hospůdka U dědy Milana. Jídelní a nápojový lístek; Fotogalerie; Kontakt Pseudomonas aeruginosa Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped, motile organism (polar flagella) which characteristically produce water-soluble pigments which diffuse through the medium.The best known are pyocyanin (blue-green), pyoverdine (yellow-green, fluorescent), and pyorubin (red-brown, produced by a small proportion of strains). It is commonly found free living in moist.

Infection caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) is common, with the burden of infection in hospitalized patients.The National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance (NNIS) System reports P. aeruginosa to be the second most common organism isolated in nosocomial pneumonia (17% of cases), the third most common organism isolated in both urinary tract infection (UTI) and surgical site. Pseudomonas savastanoi (E.F. Smith) Stevens su Ligustro giapponese in Puglia. Phytopathologia Mediterranea, 10:132-135. Bozkurt IA, Soylu S, Mirik M, Serce CU, Baysal Ö, 2014. Characterization of bacterial knot disease caused by Pseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi on pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) trees: a new host of the pathogen. Letters. I am doing my project work on Isolation, Characterization and Bioefficacy studies of Pseudomonas Spp. I got the HI MEDIA Biochemical test results as follows: Citrate test +ve, Lysine +ve, Ornithine +ve, Urease +ve, Phenylalanine deamination -ve, Nitrate reduction -ve, H2S Production +ve, Glucose -ve, Adonitol-ve, Lactose -ve, Arabinose +ve.

Use of Pseudomonas fluoroscens as biocontrol agen

Phosphate-solubilizing endophytic Pseudomonas isolates stimulated the growth of Pisum sativum L. by producing gluconic acid that solubilized phosphate (Oteino et al., 2015). Gunes et al. (2009) reported an enhancement in the yield of strawberry by P-solubilizing Bacillus FS-3 and Aspergillus FS9 in P-deficient calcareous soils of Turkey Cystic Fibrosis is a genetic disease that affects a number of organs in the body (especially the lungs and pancreas) by clogging them with thick, sticky mucus. Overview. Millions of Americans carry the defective CF gene, but do not have any symptoms. That's because a person with CF must inherit two defective CF genes -- one from each parent When viewed under the microscope, Pseudomonas aeruginosa will appear as reddish/pink rods. This indicates that they are Gram-negative bacteria given that they are unable to retain the primary stain (crystal violet). Pseudomonas fluorescens is not generally considered a bacterial pathogen in humans; however, multiple culture-based and culture-independent studies have identified it at low levels.

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Late onset VAP and HAP in patients with risk factors for multi-resistant, by contrast, should be treated with a combination therapy: in case of defined or suspected P. aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae (ESbL+), Acinetobacter sp etiology, it is required the use of an anti-pseudomonas cephalosporin or an anti-pseudomonas carbapenem or b-lactam. Beranda Uncategorized pseudomonas fluorescens ppt. Uncategorized; pseudomonas fluorescens ppt. Penulis - June 14, 2021. 0. 1. Pseudomonas dapat berkomplikasi dan mengancam nyawa (Gus Adi Suryana, 2012). 4. Bakteri Shigella Bakteri Shigella merupakan bakteri gram negatif yang merupakan kuman berbentuk batang pendek berdiameter 0,4 sampai 0,6 mikron dan panjangnya 1-3 mikron yang tidak dapat bergerak, tidak memiliki spora dan tidak berselubung Biofilms. Microbial Biochemistry. 1 Definition of a Biofilm Biofilms are communities of microorganisms in a matrix that joins them together and to living or inert substrates Biofilms are surface-attached communities of bacteria, encased in an extracellular matrix of secreted proteins, carbohydrates, and/or DNA, that assume phenotypes distinct from those of planktonic cell

Pseudomonas Infections: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Pseudomonas fluorescens may also be useful against this disease. Bacillus subtilis has been used to suppress seedling blight of sunflowers, caused by Alternaria helianthi. A number of bacteria have been commercialised worldwide for disease suppression. However, suppression is often specific to particular diseases o نبذة تاريخية عن أمراض النبات البكتيرية اكتشفت البكتيريا كمسببات لأمراض النبات عام 1878 على يد العالم توماس بريل Thomas Burrill أستاذ النبات فى جامعة الينوى Illinois بالولايات المتحدة الأمريكية وهو أحد طلاب لويس باستير

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Pseudomonas aeruginosa Infections in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit . Summary: Deaths and infections among infants in a neonatal intensive care unit due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Investigation identified the hospital water system as a possible contributing factor. Facility Type: Hospital Infection Type: Bloodstream and pulmonar Sulfur-reducing bacteria are microorganisms able to reduce elemental sulfur (S 0) to hydrogen sulfide (H 2 S). These microbes use inorganic sulfur compounds as electron acceptors to sustain several activities such as respiration, conserving energy and growth, in absence of oxygen. The final product or these processes, sulfide, has a considerable influence on the chemistry of the environment. Figure 1. shows a representative result for biofilm formation assays performed for Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Pseudomonas fluorescens and Staphylococcus aureus. (A) A side view of the well with a biofilm of P. aeruginosa (8 hrs, 37°C). (B) A side view of the well with a biofilm of P. fluorescens (6 hrs, 30°C). (C) A top-down view of the biofilm formed by S. aureus in a flat-bottom microtiter. Emerging fungal and oomycete pathogens are increasingly threatening animals and plants globally. Amongst oomycetes, Saprolegnia species adversely affect wild and cultivated populations of amphibians and fish, leading to substantial reductions in biodiversity and food productivity. With the ban of several chemical control measures, new sustainable methods are needed to mitigate Saprolegnia.